10 dietary myths that specialists query – 01/25/2023 – Equilíbrio

Soy milk might enhance the danger of breast most cancers. Fats-free meals are more healthy than high-fat meals. Vegans and vegetarians are protein poor. Some misconceptions about vitamin appear to linger like these horrible songs you possibly can’t get out of your head.

So, to set the document straight, we requested 10 of America’s prime vitamin specialists a easy query: What vitamin fantasy would you prefer to see disappear, and why? Here is what they mentioned.

Recent vegatables and fruits are all the time higher than canned, frozen or dried

Regardless of the long-held perception that “contemporary is finest,” analysis has discovered that frozen, canned, and dried vegatables and fruits will be simply as nutritious as their contemporary counterparts.

“They will also be a cash saver and a simple approach to ensure there are all the time vegatables and fruits obtainable at residence,” says Sara Bleich, outgoing director of vitamin safety and well being fairness on the U.S. Division of Agriculture and professor of coverage. in public well being on the TH Chan Faculty of Public Well being at Harvard.

One caveat: Some canned, frozen and dried varieties comprise sneaky elements like added sugars, saturated fat and sodium, Bleich mentioned. So learn vitamin labels and go for merchandise that comprise as few of those elements as attainable.

all fats is dangerous

When research revealed within the late Forties discovered correlations between high-fat diets and excessive levels of cholesterol, specialists reasoned that if you happen to decreased the quantity of whole fats in your weight-reduction plan, your danger of coronary heart illness would lower.

Within the Eighties, docs, federal well being specialists, the meals trade, and the media reported {that a} low-fat weight-reduction plan may benefit everybody, but there was no stable proof that it will stop issues like coronary heart illness or chubby and weight problems.

Vijaya Surampudi, an assistant professor of drugs on the College of California, Los Angeles, says that because of this, the vilification of fat has led many individuals and meals producers to interchange energy from fats with energy from refined carbohydrates resembling white flour and sugar. added.

“As a substitute of serving to the nation keep skinny, chubby and weight problems charges have elevated considerably,” he factors out.

In actuality, Suampudi added, not all fat are dangerous. Whereas sure forms of fat, together with saturated and trans fat, can enhance your danger of coronary heart illness or stroke, wholesome fat – resembling monounsaturated fat (present in olive and different vegetable oils, avocados and sure nuts and seeds) and polyunsaturated fat (present in sunflower and different vegetable oils, nuts, fish and flaxseeds) – truly assist to cut back the danger.

Good fat are additionally essential for offering us with vitality, producing hormones, supporting cell operate and aiding within the absorption of some vitamins.

Should you see a product labeled “fat-free,” do not robotically assume it is wholesome, says Surampudi. As a substitute, prioritize merchandise with easy elements and no added sugars.

Caloric deficit is crucial issue to shed weight

It is true that if you happen to devour extra energy than you expend, you may seemingly acquire weight. And if you happen to burn extra energy than you devour, you may seemingly shed weight – at the very least within the quick time period.

However analysis doesn’t point out that consuming extra will persistently trigger weight acquire, and that it will lead to being chubby or overweight.

“Slightly, it is the forms of meals we eat that could be the long-term drivers” of those circumstances, factors out Dariush Mozaffarian, professor of vitamin and drugs at Tufts College’s Friedman Faculty of Dietary Sciences and Coverage.

Extremely-processed meals – resembling refined starchy snacks, cereals, cookies, vitality bars, baked items, delicate drinks and sweet – will be particularly detrimental to weight acquire, as they’re digested shortly and flood the bloodstream with glucose, fructose and amino acids, that are transformed into fats by the liver. As a substitute, what it takes to take care of a wholesome weight is to cease counting energy and prioritize total wholesome consuming – high quality over amount.

Folks with sort 2 diabetes mustn’t eat fruit

This fantasy stems from complicated fruit juices — which might spike blood sugar ranges as a result of their excessive sugar and low fiber content material — with complete fruit.

However science has discovered that this isn’t the case. Some research present, for instance, that individuals who devour one serving of complete fruit a day — notably blueberries, grapes and apples — have a decrease danger of growing sort 2 diabetes. And different analysis means that if you have already got sort 2 diabetes, consuming fruit Entire grains will help management blood sugar.

It is time to bust that fantasy, says Linda Shiue, internist and director of culinary drugs and way of life drugs at Kaiser Permanente San Francisco, including that everybody can profit from the health-promoting vitamins in fruits like fiber, nutritional vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.

Plant milk is more healthy than animal milk

There’s a notion that plant-based milks, resembling these comprised of oats, almonds, rice and hemp, are extra nutritious than cow’s milk. “It is simply not true,” says Kathleen Merrigan, a professor of sustainable meals methods at Arizona State College and a former US deputy secretary of agriculture.

Contemplate the protein: Cow’s milk sometimes has round 8 grams of protein per cup, whereas almond milk sometimes has round 1 to 2 grams per cup, and oat milk sometimes has 2 to three grams per cup. Whereas the vitamin of plant-based drinks can fluctuate, Merrigan says, many have extra added elements, like sodium and sugars, that may contribute to well being points, than cow’s milk.

potatoes are dangerous

Potatoes are sometimes maligned within the dietary neighborhood due to their excessive glycemic index, that means they comprise fast-digesting carbohydrates that may spike blood sugar.

Nonetheless, potatoes will be helpful to your well being, says Daphene Altema-Johnson, meals communities and public well being program officer on the Middle for a Habitable Future at Johns Hopkins College.

They’re wealthy in vitamin C, potassium, fiber and different vitamins, particularly when eaten with the pores and skin. They’re additionally cheap and obtainable year-round in supermarkets, making them extra inexpensive. More healthy preparation strategies embody baking, grilling, boiling and air frying.

Don’t give almonds to your kids within the first years of life

For years, specialists have informed new mother and father that one of the best ways to maintain their kids from growing meals allergic reactions is to not feed them frequent allergenic meals like peanuts or eggs throughout the first few years of life. However now, in accordance with allergy specialists, it is best to introduce your baby to peanut merchandise at an early age.

In case your child would not have extreme eczema or a recognized meals allergy, you can begin introducing peanut merchandise (resembling diluted peanut butter, peanut puffs, or peanut powder, however not complete peanuts) at round 4 to six months, when your child is prepared for solids.

Begin with two teaspoons of peanut butter blended with water, breast milk, or toddler method two to a few instances every week, says Ruchi Gupta, professor of pediatrics and director of the Meals Allergy and Bronchial asthma Analysis Middle on the Feinberg Faculty of Drugs. from Northwestern College.

In case your child has extreme eczema, first ask your pediatrician or an allergist about consuming peanut merchandise round 4 months. “It is also essential to feed your child a various weight-reduction plan of their first yr of life to keep away from meals allergic reactions,” Gupta factors out.

Plant protein is incomplete

“‘The place do you get your protein?’ is the primary query vegetarians hear,” says Christopher Gardner, a vitamin scientist and professor of drugs at Stanford College. “The parable is that vegetation are fully missing in sure amino acids,” also referred to as the constructing blocks of protein, he mentioned.

All plant-based meals, nevertheless, comprise all 20 amino acids, together with the 9 important amino acids, says Gardner. The distinction is that the ratio of those amino acids is just not as ideally suited because the ratio in animal meals.

So, to get a correct combine, simply eat a wide range of plant-based meals all through the day – like beans, grains, and nuts – and thus get sufficient whole protein. Happily, most People eat greater than they want every day. “It is simpler than most individuals suppose,” says Gardner.

Consuming soy meals will increase the danger of breast most cancers

They discovered that top doses of plant estrogens in soy, known as isoflavones, stimulated the expansion of breast tumor cells in animal research. “Nonetheless, this relationship has not been confirmed in human research,” factors out Frank B. Hu, professor and chairman of the division of vitamin at Harvard’s TH Chan Faculty of Public Well being.

To this point, science has not indicated a hyperlink between soy consumption and breast most cancers danger in people. As a substitute, consuming grain-based meals and drinks – resembling tofu, tempeh, edamame, miso and their milk – might also have a protecting impact relating to illness danger and survival.

“Soy meals are additionally highly effective in helpful vitamins associated to decreasing the danger of coronary heart illness, resembling high-quality protein, fiber, nutritional vitamins and minerals,” says Hu. The analysis is evident: really feel assured incorporating soy meals into your weight-reduction plan.

Basic vitamin recommendation is all the time altering

That is not the case, says Marion Nestle, professor emeritus of vitamin, meals research and public well being at New York College.

“Within the Fifties, early dietary suggestions for stopping weight problems, sort 2 diabetes, coronary heart illness and the like suggested balancing energy and minimizing meals excessive in saturated fats, salt and sugar. Present US Dietary Tips suggest the identical” , she says.

Sure, science evolves, however the primary dietary steerage stays constant.

As writer Michael Pollan summed it up in six easy phrases: “Eat meals. Not an excessive amount of. Largely vegetation.” That recommendation labored 70 years in the past and it nonetheless works as we speak, says Nestle. And the advice leaves loads of room to eat the meals you’re keen on.

Translated by Luiz Roberto M. Gonçalves

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