Skincare glossary: ​​what every ingredient does and the way to decide on merchandise – 01/16/2023

Have you learnt how to buy skincare merchandise? Earlier than: are you aware if you really want to do a skincare routine and what steps are indicated? We additionally had many doubts. That is why we went to the specialists to assist us decipher the tough names that seem on the labels of those merchandise — and in addition to grasp whether or not we actually want a lot of the stuff.


Earlier than you begin utilizing skincare merchandise (which implies “skincare” in English), it is essential to know that each pores and skin advantages from a skincare routine. Promoting cosmetics isn’t just about freshness or advertising.

The primary advantages of skincare embrace prevention:

  • Pores and skin most cancers;
  • Untimely getting older;
  • Stains.

Nonetheless, the merchandise listed are usually not the identical for everybody: understanding your pores and skin sort is a vital factor of planning. One of the best ways to search out out is to see a dermatologist.

This knowledgeable is the perfect particular person to prescribe merchandise and supply essential precautions that can assist you:

  1. Do not spend cash on cosmetics;
  2. Know your pores and skin sort and select the perfect merchandise for you;
  3. Perceive your pores and skin’s hydration stage and oil habits;
  4. Use the listed merchandise within the appropriate approach; and
  5. Keep away from utilizing any cosmetics that might find yourself deteriorating the well being and look of your pores and skin.


Earlier than we discuss concerning the elements, let’s undergo a step-by-step transient on the naked minimal {that a} skincare routine ought to include.

1. Safety from the solar

Picture: Getty Photographs/iStockphoto

You may assume that solar safety and skincare are two utterly various things. Nonetheless, dermatologists consider that solar safety is definitely step one in skincare.

It’s because the primary perform of skincare is to guard the pores and skin, hold it wholesome and delightful. And sunscreen protects the pores and skin from precisely one of many largest villains of pores and skin most cancers and untimely getting older: the solar. So select a sunscreen that has an SPF of at the very least 30 and apply it liberally.

For many who are inclined to develop spots on the pores and skin, using sunscreen is much more essential and in these circumstances it’s best to make use of a product with a basis or shade – such a sunscreen creates a bodily barrier on the pores and skin and finally ends up providing extra safety.

2. Hygiene

Select a cleaning soap or cleaning gel particularly to your facial pores and skin – these merchandise are designed for extra delicate pores and skin. Ideally, hygiene must be mild, with out damaging the pores and skin, in order to not take away “good fats”. Wash your face with cleaning soap 1 or most 2 occasions a day in case your pores and skin could be very oily.

3. Hydration

Hydrated pores and skin maintains its pure protecting barrier, which reduces the chance of irritation and allergic reactions and improves tolerance to dermatological therapies. Even these with oily pores and skin ought to hydrate and take note of the kind of product that works greatest for every pores and skin sort (mentioned beneath).

There are even two further steps that may be included in a extra full skincare routine:

4. Antioxidants

These merchandise have the perform of lowering blemishes, bettering safety in opposition to solar injury, texture and radiance of the pores and skin. Probably the most studied antioxidant and probably the most indicated by the sources consulted Reside nicely is vitamin C. Its use is usually really helpful within the morning.

5. Acids

It helps cell renewal, improves pores and skin texture, stimulates collagen, reduces the looks of pores and zits. Retinoids (tretinoin, retinol, adapalene, retinaldehyde) and hydroxy acids (equivalent to glycolic acid) are most popular. They’ll have an amazing impact, however a prescription out of your dermatologist is important, as using acids could cause irritation, allergic reactions and sensitivity.

skincare glossary

Now that you understand how to proceed step-by-step, let’s discuss a bit of concerning the merchandise themselves. There are a number of skincare merchandise obtainable available in the market with numerous formulations. Manufacturers usually promote their lively ideas, generally with out additional clarification of how every factor works.

That is why we have listed a few of the most typical skincare product names. Get to know the elements and perceive the perform of every in your skincare routine:

cleaning soap primarily based on syndet

  • These are merchandise with an acidic pH that’s near the pH of human pores and skin and due to this fact promotes higher removing of dust and impurities.
  • It doesn’t hurt the pores and skin and doesn’t take away its good fat and pure hydration.

Cleaning soap for delicate pores and skin or kids’s pores and skin

  • One other sensible choice for hygiene because it won’t injury the pores and skin.
  • Use to clean within the morning or within the bathe.
  • Wash with cleaning soap not more than 2 occasions a day to keep away from the rebound impact (when over-cleansing finally ends up growing the pores and skin’s pure sebum manufacturing).
Hyaluronic Acid - iStock - iStock
Picture: iStock

Hyaluronic acid

  • A substance with nice moisturizing potential that helps to restore the pores and skin barrier.
  • Will increase water retention within the pores and skin, leaving it gentle and hydrated.
  • It has the potential to deal with effective wrinkles, bettering the looks of the pores and skin.
  • Regardless of the acid identify, it acts extra like a moisturizer and can be utilized year-round, with no irritating potential.
  • It may be used within the morning and within the night.

Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid)

  • Essential antioxidant impact, prevents pores and skin getting older, spots and is a good anti-aging ingredient.
  • Helps photograph safety.
  • It’s a highly effective precursor to collagen manufacturing.
  • One of the efficient skincare merchandise with probably the most scientific proof.
  • It has a excessive value – watch out for very low-cost manufacturers.
  • Search for merchandise with pure vitamin C and keep away from these with vitamin C derivatives (that are typically cheaper).
  • It really works greatest in serum format (which is extra watery).
  • Its most popular use is within the morning.


  • That is the primary part of fats in our pores and skin.
  • It helps create a barrier coating on the pores and skin, protects it from aggression and prevents the lack of moisture to the exterior setting.
  • A robust moisturizing cream, particularly for the pores and skin of the entire physique.
  • A superb lively ingredient for folks with dry or delicate pores and skin.
  • Can be utilized day and night time.
phyto-retinol - iStock - iStock
Picture: iStock


  • The lively ingredient derived from vitamin A can be referred to as retinoic acid.
  • Its use requires warning.
  • Use solely at night time.
  • Within the morning, wash your face totally to take away all product.
  • Keep away from extreme solar publicity the next day – at all times use sunscreen when utilizing retinol merchandise.
  • Efficient anti-aging agent, precursor of collagen formation.
  • It helps cell renewal, softens blemishes and helps cut back effective traces.
  • It additionally helps within the therapy of zits and enlarged pores.


  • It’s the beloved molecule of the age: it has anti-inflammatory energy in addition to hydration, however its profit is lighter.
  • Subsequently, it typically seems together with different parts.
  • It helps restore mobile power and restore broken DNA.
  • It reduces the affect of ultraviolet rays on the pores and skin.
  • It has anti-inflammatory properties and acts in opposition to grease.
  • It helps enhance blemishes as a result of it inhibits the motion of the tyrosinase enzyme.
  • Can be utilized day and night time.

rosehip oil portray

  • Lengthy-term used substance with regenerative impact, moisturizing and anti-irritant impact.
  • Designed particularly for very dry and tough pores and skin.
  • Its use on the physique is indicated for any pores and skin sort — on the face it will possibly improve oiliness and zits formation.
  • It’s wealthy in oleic and linoleic acid and vitamin A.
  • It helps in wound therapeutic.
  • Its anti-spot impact is discreet.
  • Can be utilized day and night time.

exfoliating enzymes

  • It carries a number of completely different merchandise below this identify.
  • They assist in desquamation of the stratum corneum, probably the most superficial layer of the pores and skin, composed of already useless cells.
  • They assist to melt the pores and skin, however use requires warning.
  • Peeling must be completed 1 or at most 2 occasions per week to keep away from irritation.
  • When exfoliation is finished nicely, it helps enhance the penetration of skincare elements into the pores and skin.
  • Extreme exfoliation could cause a rebound impact, making the pores and skin extra delicate and even oilier.
  • They can be utilized day and night time, however ideally solely as soon as per week.


  • It promotes pores and skin hydration and helps forestall indicators of getting older.
  • Will increase the quantity of water that is still within the pores and skin.
  • A sensible choice for treating scars, post-procedure pores and skin or sensitized pores and skin because it helps to revive the broken pores and skin barrier.
  • It is rather current in shampoos and is an efficient ingredient for these with dry hair.
  • It helps to maintain the pores and skin hydrated for longer.
  • Can be utilized day and night time.

Shea butter

  • A terrific moisturizer, it will possibly trigger zits on extra delicate pores and skin because of its oily potential.
  • Very appropriate for moisturizing the physique, particularly for dry areas equivalent to palms, elbows and knees.
  • Improves pores and skin elasticity, broadly used within the prevention of stretch marks.
  • It helps strengthen the pores and skin’s protecting barrier.
  • Superb for dry or delicate pores and skin.
  • Can be utilized day and night time.

Salicylic acid

  • It has an exfoliating impact and can be utilized to regenerate pores and skin cells.
  • Designed for acneic and oily pores and skin.
  • It helps tighten pores and improves pores and skin texture.


  • It’s an inhibitor of tyrosinase, the enzyme that creates pores and skin spots (primarily melasma, that are solar spots).
  • Highly effective pores and skin lightener.
  • It has a managed use, that’s, it will possibly solely be used with a health care provider’s prescription.
  • Ideally, it must be utilized in winter and in restricted concentrations.
  • Might trigger irritation: it’s a extra delicate product that requires medical supervision.

Product sort: cream, serum or gel?

Black beauty dripping collagen serum moisturizer onto her face - Getty Images/iStockphoto - Getty Images/iStockphoto
Picture: Getty Photographs/iStockphoto

Lastly, the final piece of knowledge that’s fascinating to you is the automobile for the merchandise you need to purchase.

A automobile is a kind used to transform a chemical substance, an lively substance equivalent to these listed above, right into a beauty to be used on the face or physique. So the format: whether or not it’s a cream, gel or serum.

The automobile additionally interferes with the motion of the product and the impact achieved. There’s a extra appropriate automobile for each pores and skin sort.

  • Regular to dry pores and skin, delicate pores and skin and mature pores and skin: cream or lotion, as these are heavier merchandise and have a extra moisturizing texture;
  • Oily pores and skin: serum or gel, as these are codecs that don’t stimulate sebum manufacturing.

Supply: Fatima Britodermatologist and coordinator of dermatology care on the Hospital das Clínicas UFPE (Federal College of Pernambuco); Henrique Demeneckdermatologist and professor at PUC-PR; Juliana Ok. de Almeida, dermatologist SBD (Brazilian Society of Dermatology) created by Unicamp (State College of Campinas); and Alessandra Ribeiro Romitidermatologist and advisor to the Clinic of Dermatological Cosmiatrics SBD.

Leave a Comment