The Museu do Ipiranga opens a room with an exhibition on Brazilian independence

The Paulista Museum, higher referred to as the Ipiranga Museum, opens this Wednesday (25/3) one other exhibition house, meant for momentary exhibitions. On the event of the anniversary of the town of São Paulo, celebrated on January 25, and likewise of the inauguration of the brand new house, the museum inaugurates the “Reminiscences of Independence” exhibition.

The brand new exhibition intends to dialogue with the general public on the processes that led Brazil to declare independence from Portugal, recounting the parable that the very fact occurred in isolation and in a single day, because it was carved within the widespread creativeness and as it’s been represented within the portray “Independence or Dying”, by Pedro Américo.

“Reminiscences of Independence” brings collectively round 130 articles associated to the method of rupture between Brazil and Portugal. The exhibition discusses the function of São Paulo and the cry of Ipiranga as a milestone of independence and underlines that the break between the 2 international locations was an extended course of, involving totally different characters and episodes that occurred throughout Brazil .

Divided into two thematic axes, the exhibition presents sculptures, work, pictures, architectural and pictorial research, ornamental objects, stamps, drawings, postcards, information, movie posters and cartoons for example the imaginary on the date. There’s the portray “Independence or Dying”, just lately restored and exhibited within the oldest half.

first axis

The primary of the thematic axes considerations the efforts to maintain the reminiscence of Ipiranga because the place of the cry that ushered in Independence. Rio de Janeiro’s function because the political seat of the Empire and the brand new impartial monarchy was represented in work, engravings and the monument to Dom Pedro I, a pioneering instance of sculpture in Brazil.

On this axis, centered on the reminiscences of independence, one can observe the totally different efforts which have taken place within the cities of São Paulo, Salvador and Rio de Janeiro within the sense of contesting the primacy of being the referential and symbolic middle of the independence of Brazil mentioned historian Paulo Garcez

Marins, one of many curators of the exhibition in São Paulo.

There, he exhibits how São Paulo, the place independence was declared, Rio de Janeiro, the place it was constructed, and Salvador, the place the Portuguese have been expelled and defeated on July 2, 1823, problem this reminiscence of Portugal’s breakup.

“São Paulo would be the stage for the focus of those efforts by the authorities to make Ipiranga monumental. Within the centenary (of Independence) it should occur once more and, lastly, additionally within the bicentenary. The reopening and enlargement of the Ipiranga Museum is a part of this collective motion by private and non-private brokers and society itself to strengthen Ipiranga as a symbolic place for the nation,” says the curator.


second axis

The second thematic axis highlights the reminiscences associated to separation actions, such because the Pernambuco Revolution of 1817, the Confederation of Ecuador, of 1824, and the Farroupilha Revolution, which lasted from 1835 to 1845.

Marins added that there’s additionally the Different Centennials board, which goals to grasp how these actions have been commemorated. “We’ve got to think about, subsequently, that this understanding is of the independence processes and likewise of how they have been remembered, signaling a really troublesome, very contradictory, very tense development of nationwide id which, not directly, nonetheless exhibits its fractures right now” .

In response to Marins, the exhibition will assist to raised perceive these occasions, thus bringing reflections on the way forward for the nation. “We should perceive Brazil as a a number of and plural nation. It’s nonetheless a problem for us to grasp that we’re the results of an extended strategy of accumulation of populations, cultural practices, political tensions”.

The purpose of the exhibition is to bring reflections on the past and the future of the country

“Brazil is stuffed with variations. Inside society itself, the development of our nationality is a troublesome development. These tensions that (the exhibition) “Memoirs of Independence” point out have been dragging on for 2 centuries in our nationwide development. Our Human Growth Index exhibits that Brazil remains to be a rustic not solely stuffed with variations, but in addition stuffed with inequalities. Due to this fact, reflecting on these processes permits us to enhance our nation, make it extra equitable from a socio-economic viewpoint and, above all, give visibility and acknowledge the varied actors and protagonists of our nation”, he underlines.

Marins defends everybody’s involvement in constructing a extra egalitarian society, in constructing a transformational perspective. “On this sense, I feel historical past museums sign not solely the difficulties of this course of, but in addition the social dedication, to construct extra equitable ranges for our society”.

The tourist observes the exhibits, with the painting in the background

new house

The brand new exhibition corridor, which didn’t exist earlier than the museum’s renovation, measures roughly 900 m2 and is situated below the Monument Constructing. Since every part is air-conditioned – one thing that has not occurred in different elements of the complicated, which is listed as a heritage web site – this may permit the Museu do Ipiranga to lastly obtain works on mortgage from different museums. “The lounge was created along with all of the backyard flooring. It’s an space that was created to the north of the previous constructing, an space that was constructed for the bicentenary of Brazil’s independence”.

For the brand new exhibition, items have been borrowed from 12 main cultural establishments and personal collections within the nation. Amongst these, the “Carro com Escultura da Cabocla”, by Domingos Costa Baião, work of 1846. The automotive of the cabocla is an object used within the parade on July 2, when Bahia celebrates its independence. “On the exhibition, we’re honored to have the Cart of Cabocla and Cabocla herself, who has been making this route within the middle of Salvador since 1840. It was a brief project from the Historic Geographical Institute of Bahia. She’s solely been to São Paulo as soon as earlier than, to the Afro Museum.”

The new air-conditioned hall will allow the Ipiranga Museum to receive works on loan from other museums

“Works from the Júlio de Castilhos Museum, in Porto Alegre, have additionally arrived. We’ve got additionally had essential loans from the Antônio Parreiras Museum, in Niterói, which is closed to the general public for renovations. We even have work that come from the Nationwide Museum of Tremendous Arts and the Pinacoteca do Estado,” added Marins.

“From the Image Gallery, it’s a pleasure to have right here within the museum, for a couple of months, a portray representing Ipiranga Hill because it was earlier than the foremost renovations for the centenary of 1822, with the monument on the high and the illustration of a ravine stuffed with dust roads in entrance, because the area really was (on the time(”, mentioned the curator. One other spotlight of the exhibition are the unique drawings by the painter Pedro Américo, with the sketches for the development of the characters within the portray ” Independence or dying”.

Reminiscences of Independence is on show till March 26 and admission is free. The go to might be booked upfront on the web site Ipiranga Museum. Some passwords are additionally distributed on web site, primarily based on the capability of the room. Using the masks is obligatory on web site. (Brazil Company)

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